Traditional Soap Workshops in Nizip (Gaziantep), South-Eastern Turkey
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CitationBozgeyik, O., & Dalkılıç, N. (January 02, 2018). Traditional Soap Workshops in Nizip (Gaziantep), South-Eastern Turkey. Industrial Archaeology Review, 40, 1, 39-52.
With the development of the modern soap production techniques, traditional ways started to vanish. In the past, sabunhane, soap workshops, were built in the regions where there was olive-oil production. In Turkey, many soap workshops, large and small in scale, in the settlements where there was soap production. Until now, there has been no extensive study of the soap workshops in Turkey. This study identifies and documents the historical soap workshops in and around Nizip (Gaziantep) in south-eastern Turkey, which are important features of the region's industrial heritage. Amongst these workshops, Nizip Saynlar workshop, which was built in the 19th century with architectural features characteristic of the region, and which reflects the technological level of the period and processes of production, is described in greater detail. First, the distinctive architectural features of the soap workshops are analysed. The importance of soap production and its historical development are described, and the tools and techniques used in the production and relationship with the architectural space of the workshops are explained. A comparative study of the soap workshops located around Nizip is undertaken and some suggestions on the preservation of a few surviving soap workshops are provided.